Unitary, Federal, or Confederal Political Systems

Different countries have different political systems that run their respective governments. These political systems range from federal to confederal to unitary political systems. In a unitary system, only one government is in control and that is, the central government.

On the other hand, a confederate system is where smaller governments in terms of counties, provinces and states yield more power than the central government. Interestingly, United States was in the past a confederacy although it later adopted a federal system. A federal system in where, the central and state government share power equally.

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In essence, the central government as stated in American constitution operates from Washington, DC, while state governments operate from their respective headquarters. This system is the best so far for Americans although it receives criticism at times. The possibility of Americans changing the federal system is next to nil as many Americans term it as a symbol of American rights and freedoms. (Bodenhamer, (n.d), Para. 3-10).

Each of the two governments has their performance roles clearly spelt out in American constitution. For example, the central government controls all trade policies and other major interfaces between states. Moreover, the central government has power to tax, enact and control the supply of money in all states.

In this way, all states are subject to equal revenue from the government thus; equal development initiation. Some states will collude to enact infringing laws and commission of crimes contrary to the constitution. When this happens, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) conducts investigation and enforces the law in all states.

A federal system poses more with advantages than disadvantages. For example, if citizens are at loggerheads with one party of the government, there are usually other channels to follow.

Thus, a federal system creates mobilization in political systems. Multitude government levels forms many alternatives of solving a certain crisis or apprehensions. If there was a political convention in United States today, federal system will retain. This is because; a federal system is a representation of justice and equality to the American people. (Watts, 1998, Para. 16-47).

Diverse policies created by different states, provide a platform for competitive development either culturally, politically or socially. For example, in New Jersey, driving age is different from that of Montana. This is because, in New Jersey, the population is crammed full as compares to less crowded Montana.

Different states have different concerns and new laws to enact. Therefore, it is the role of state governments to develop and address concerns regarding their states. Consequently, the needs and demands from citizens of a state become a reality through federal political systems.

Another focal interest why federal system should never undergo further constitutional convention is of course, its protective measure from stakes. A federal system is a complicated political system. For a certain group to take over the reins of power to rule, not only will they govern through central government only but also, local and state governments.

This is in itself cumbersome to achieve. Otherwise, a small group of people can enact legislation or equally, if they make a complaint, there is a greater probability that, these two governments will address it. (Wiessner, 1993, pp.130-139).

In conclusion, federal systems encourage creativity through testing. A single legislation from one of the fifty American states, can apply in another state. On the other hand, if through state enactment laws a certain law fails, only one state suffers compared to confederate or unitary political systems where, every state suffers should a single legislation fail. Even though, power balance varies between state and central governments, the federal system is the cornerstone of United States government.

For example, state governments address matters like education, welfare and city planning programs while local government controls the quality of services offered. Hence, the federalist system is the best system for America as it provides equally shared responsibilities between local state and national governments. Any constitutional convention will undermine the quality of services that these governments offer Americans.

Reference List

Bodenhamer, D. (n.d). Federalism and Democracy. Democracy Papers. Retrieved 10 February, 2010, from

Watts, R. (1998). Federalism, Federal Political Systems, and Federations. Retrieved 16 February, 2010, from

Wiessner, S. (1993). Federalism: An Architecture for Freedom. European Law Review,1(2), 130-139.

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